Our number one attraction, the Advanced Passenger Train (BR Class 370) was built in 1979 by British Rail at Derby Works. The train was part of an experiment testing the new technology of Tilting to allow faster speeds. In 1988 sets 003 & 006 were moved to Crewe Heritage Centre from the Crewe Electric Traction Depot where they had been in store. In June 1994 the train was donated to The Crewe Heritage Centre by the National Railway Museum, the rest of the fleet having been disposed of by this time. Work is always taking place on the APT, just recently our volunteers have managed to get the original lights inside the power car to work. Did you know that we need to completely repaint the outside of the Advanced Passenger Train every 4 years.
48106 – Standard Class Driving Trailer (52 Seats)
48602 – First Class Coach (2 seats/Other Removed)
49002 – Power Car
48603 – First Class Coach (25 Seats)
48404 – Standard Class ‘Buffet Car’ (14 Seats)
48103 – STandard Class Driving Trailer (42 Sears) – Tilting Experience
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Yard From APT
APT First Class
APT Coach 2
Large aluminium extrusions welded together to
form a shell 40% lighter than a conventional steel
bodied coach. The lower cost of assembly more
than offsetting the higher cost of materials.
Incorporating hydrokinetic brakes,
hydraulic tilt equipment and aluminium alloy vehicle shells,
it completed test runs between Swindon and Reading
achieving a speed record of 152.3 mph
and from London St Pancras to Leicester
covering the distinctly curved route of 99.1 miles in
just 58 1/2: minutes.
A continous cab display of the maximum permitted APT speeds on sections of track is given by
the control system based on transponders
mounted on the track at specific intervals.
Ensuring passenger comfort through curves at
speeds up to 40% faster than conventional trains,
spirit level sensors on the bogies controlled a
hydraulic tilt mechanism which enabled each
coach to move by up to 9°.
The powercars tilt round curves in the same way
as the passenger vehicles, the pantograph is
however maintained in contact with the overhead
line by a tilt compensation linkage.
Operating on the principle of pumping a mixture
of water and glycol from reservoirs into a rotor
and stator chamber mounted within conical
shaped axles, a torque restraining relative move-
ment between the two assemblies is created,
halting fast trains within existing signalling
At low speeds the HK brakes are supplemented
by simple friction brakes acting on the wheel
Driving the APT
The APT Project
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